The first dozen years of the history of ITEP Theoretical Physics Laboratory
A.I. Alikhanov Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics
(ITEP), B. Cheremushkinskaya
Received in final form: 25 April 2012
Published online: 13 September 2012
The theoretical investigations at ITEP in the years 1945 − 1958 are reviewed. There are exposed the most important theoretical results, obtained in the following branches of physics: (1) the theory of nuclear reactors on thermal neutrons; (2) the hydrogen bomb project (“Tube” in USSR and “Classical Super” in USA); (3) radiation theory; (4) low temperature physics; (5) quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theories; (6) parity violation in weak interactions, the theory of β-decay and other weak processes; (7) strong interaction and nuclear physics. To the review are added the English translations of a few papers, originally published in Russian, but unknown (or almost unknown) to Western readers.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2012