Tales from the prehistory of Quantum Gravity
Léon Rosenfeld’s earliest contributions
Department of Physics and Astronomy “G. Galilei”,
via Marzolo 8,
Received in final form: 17 January 2018
Published online: 12 April 2018
The main purpose of this paper is to analyse the earliest work of Léon Rosenfeld, one of the pioneers in the search of Quantum Gravity, the supposed theory unifying quantum theory and general relativity. We describe how and why Rosenfeld tried to face this problem in 1927, analysing the role of his mentors: Oskar Klein, Louis de Broglie and Théophile De Donder. Rosenfeld asked himself how quantum mechanics should concretely modify general relativity. In the context of a five-dimensional theory, Rosenfeld tried to construct a unifying framework for the gravitational and electromagnetic interaction and wave mechanics. Using a sort of “general relativistic quantum mechanics” Rosenfeld introduced a wave equation on a curved background. He investigated the metric created by what he called ‘quantum phenomena’, represented by wave functions. Rosenfeld integrated Einstein equations in the weak field limit, with wave functions as source of the gravitational field. The author performed a sort of semi-classical approximation obtaining at the first order the Reissner-Nordström metric. We analyse how Rosenfeld’s work is part of the history of Quantum Mechanics, because in his investigation Rosenfeld was guided by Bohr’s correspondence principle. Finally we briefly discuss how his contribution is connected with the task of finding out which metric can be generated by a quantum field, a problem that quantum field theory on curved backgrounds will start to address 35 years later.
© EDP Sciences, Springer-Verlag 2018