On the gravitational effects of light
Theoretische Natuurkunde and Applied Physics Research Group (APHY), Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB) and Solvay Institutes, Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Brussels, Belgium
Accepted: 11 June 2023
Published online: 27 July 2023
Translation of and Commentary on Léon Rosenfeld’s “Über die Gravitationwirkungen des Lichtes”, Zeitschrift für Physik 65: 589–599 (1930). Originally published in German. Submitted for publication on September 26, 1930. See  the Comments with Referencessection before reading this English translation. The gravitational field generated by an electromagnetic field is calculated using of laws of quantum mechanics, and it is shown that the resulting gravitational energy turns out to be infinitely large, raising a new difficulty for the Heisenberg–Pauli quantum theory of wave fields. In addition, the transition processes in first-order approximation involving light and gravitational quanta  are briefly discussed.
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